Madagascar

Hawksbill Turtle

Money collected so far

area

Nosy Tanikely National Park

Nosy Tanihely is a Marine Park. It is part of the marine ecoregion of the North Mozambique Channel. The high degree of marine biodiversity in this ecoregion is explained by the important connectivity caused by the mixing of circulation currents, including the Comoros gyre. Moreover, the configuration of the coasts and the continental submarine relief contributes to a diversity of habitats generating diversity. Thus, there are mangroves, varied coral formations, sea grass beds and most of the country’s islets. The coral wealth of the northwest of Madagascar, which includes the Marine National Park of Nosy Tanihely, is the highest in the Western Indian Ocean. This area is also very important for the nesting and feeding of marine turtles. Northern Madagascar has furthermore been identified as a global priority site for a new UNESCO World Heritage designation (Obura et al, 2012) and Nosy Tanihely Park is currently listed as a serial natural marine property on the national Tentative List.
The tripartite co-management framework and the attempt to establish a sustainable financing mechanism at the Park level are exceptional models for protected areas in Madagascar. It also intends to demonstrate this by integrating the IUCN green list process; Nosy Tanihely National Park being among the 15 pilot candidate sites in Madagascar.

species

Hawksbill Turtle

The hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is one of the world’s most endangered marine turtle species, classified as Critically Endangered (CR) on the IUCN Red List and listed in Appendix I of the Washington Convention (CITES). Hawksbill turtles are migratory and individuals undertake complex movements across geographically disparate habitats during their lifetime. This species has a circumglobal distribution in tropical and subtropical waters of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Hence its presence in the Marine National Park of Nosy Tanikely. It is a migratory species that successively frequents offshore and coastal habitats during its life cycle as is the case of its passage in the National Park of Nosy Tanihely every year, where they come to the beautiful beaches of the park to nest. The species breeds in the warm season on isolated continental beaches and islands
It is the species most subject to the coral reefs (feeding, rest, refuge), which are strongly subjected to climate change and the intensification of human activities in coastal areas.
Two complementary action programs recommend the implementation of actions in their favor at the Indian Ocean scale: the International Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Marine Turtles and their Habitats in the Indian Ocean and South-East Asian Territories (MoU IOSEA) to which Madagascar and France are signatories, and the National Action Plan in favor of marine turtles in the French territories of the south-west Indian Ocean. For that, the conservation of this migratory species is the combined effort between several countries, societies and universities of the same region.
In addition, Nosy Tanikely also conducts ecological monitoring of coral reefs by a mobile team of divers in assessing and monitoring the health of the coral reef that represent the habitat of the species and also monitors trends in sea turtle populations through long-term monitoring of the nesting beach.

Further protected areas

Madagascar

Hawksbill Turtle

Madagascar

Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur

Madagascar

Babakoto

Madagascar

Milne-Edwards’s Sifaka

Madagascar

Forest Rock-thrush

Madagascar

Mossy Leaf-tailed Gecko

Madagascar

Madagascar Fish-eagle

Madagascar

Nosy Be Sportive Lemur